As the industrial revolution took hold, the city grew to become the second-largest in the country by the 20th century.Today Aarhus is at the cultural and economic core of the region and the largest centre for trade, services and industry in Jutland.The city ranks as the 92nd largest city in the European Union, and as number 234 among world cities. Aarhus is the principal industrial port of the country in terms of container handling and an important trade hub in Kattegat.
Archaeologists have conducted several excavations in the inner city since the 1960s revealing wells, streets, homes and workshops.
In the buildings and adjoining archaeological layers, everyday utensils like combs, jewellery and basic multi-purpose tools from approximately the year 900 have been found.
In the 1950s many jazz clubs sprang up around the city, fuelled by the young population.
By the 1960s, the music scene diversified into rock and other genres.
The inner urban area contains 269,022 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2017 The history of Aarhus began as a fortified Viking settlement founded in the 8th century and with the first written records stemming from the bishopric seated here from at least 948.